Caractéristiques de la plante
- Callicarpa americana : American beautyberry
- Family : Verbénaceae
- Origin : South east of the USA
- Height in its natural environment : 2 m
- Hardiness: -12°C
- Flower color : pink
Height : about 10 / 20 cm
Description of the plant
Its name means "beauty of the fruit", and indeed, no one can doubt it!
Our Callicarpa is a precious ally for the winter with its small purple fruits grouped in balls and looking like candies or pearls that it offers us during the whole cold season. Not content to brighten up your winters, it will also attract all the fauna that we love to observe: birds, squirrels... And they are not the only ones who can enjoy its berries: eaten cooked, they make excellent jams!
As it is a frost resistant shrub, you can install it in shrubby beds or in hedges where it will be wonderful, both in autumn by its foliage taking on golden hues with purple veins, and in winter by the colorful touches of its fruits. It will also embellish your interiors with its branches that hold particularly well in bouquets.
So, quickly, a candy tree, and here, no indigestion!
Also known as : American Mulberry Beautyberry, French Mulberry, Sour-bush
When you receive your plant, repot it in a pot slightly larger than the bucket, which must be well pierced. Avoid pot covers which prevent residual water from draining away and encourage fungal diseases. Choose a fine potting soil, ideally with added perlite or sand to lighten the substrate (do not use garden soil or acidic soil such as heather). Then plan two repottings per year (spring and autumn), gradually increasing the size of the pot and adapting it to the size of the root network (the roots must have room, but not too much as the plant must be able to dry out its substrate between waterings). This avoids having to add fertilizer, which always risks burning the fragile roots of the plants and making the plant wither as soon as the fertilizer is stopped.
Moderate watering: watering should be copious (the whole root ball should be wet), but wait until the substrate has dried deeply before watering again (you can stick your finger in the soil: as long as you feel moisture, do not water). Your plant will recover better from a lack of water than from an excess of water. Always water at the base of the plant, and do not mist it, because stagnant water in the armpit of the leaves favors cryptogamic diseases. If your atmosphere is too dry, put bowls of water nearby (above radiators for example), so that evaporation humidifies the air.
For an indoor planting
Unless you want to try a bonsai culture (yay!), this plant is not recommended as an indoor plant, but is meant to be planted outdoors (see next section).
For an outdoor planting
If your climate allows it, you will be able to plant your plant in full ground, a full sun is recommended. We advise you however to cultivate it in pot the first year and to make it spend the first winter in the heat, in order to strengthen it well. Plant it between the end of the risk of frost (generally at the beginning of May) and the end of August, in a soil which must be light and draining; do not hesitate to add sand and fine potting soil if necessary. Be careful with the minimum temperatures indicated: they are given for a mature plant, and you have to take into account the wind which accentuates the cold felt, as well as the water retention capacity of your soil, which can rot the roots if it is not sufficiently draining. So take a little safety margin!
This plant is very easy to prune, which will make it branch out.
Our plants are grown naturally, without chemical fertilizers, so we advise you to repot them regularly (twice a year) rather than adding fertilizer.
In case of pest attack
If your plants are under attack by aphids or other pests, the best way to control them is by hand. Change their soil, remove as many undesirables as possible by hand and then shower your plants with a strong stream of water to eliminate any eggs that may be present. Spray them (insist on the underside of the leaves) with liquid black soap diluted in water. Repeat the operation several times at a few days interval. Take them outside in good weather, rain, sun and wind will kill most of the aggressors!